褰撳墠浣嶇疆锛� 棣栭〉 >浜旈噾宸ュ叿 >淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉�

淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉�

鏂囩珷鏉ユ簮锛歨pxaxjzjs    鍙戝竷鏃堕棿锛�2020-02-15 20:07:41       鍙戝竷浜猴細瀛欑粡鐞�       瀛椾綋澶у皬锛�銆愬ぇ銆�銆愪腑銆�銆愬皬銆�

<p>淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉曟柟绠℃寜鐢ㄩ�斿垎涓猴細瑁呴グ鐢ㄦ柟绠°�佹満搴婅澶囩敤鏂圭銆佹満姊板伐涓氱敤鏂圭銆佸寲宸ョ敤鏂圭銆侀挗缁撴瀯鐢ㄦ柟绠°�侀�犺埞鐢ㄦ柟绠°�佹苯杞︾敤鏂圭銆侀挗姊佹煴鐢ㄦ柟绠°�佺壒绉嶆柟绠°�傜洰鐨勩�備环鏍间俊闃炽��銆� 閿屽眰鍘氬害锛氬喎闀�閿屾柟绠′笌鐑晙閿屾柟绠″湪闀�閿屽伐鑹烘湁寰堝ぇ鐨勫樊鍒紱鍐烽晙閿屾柟绠$殑瑙掓1閮ㄤ綅瀹规槗浜х敓“鐢电儳”璇ラ儴浣嶉鑹茬伆鏆楋紝閿屽眰杈冨帤銆傚湪瑙掗儴浣嶆槗褰㈡垚鐢垫祦姝昏浜х敓娆犵數娴佸尯锛岃閮ㄤ綅閿屽眰杈冭杽锛屽喎闀�閿屾柟绠� 鏃犻攲灞傞檮鐫�銆傚喎闀�閿屾柟绠℃暣浣撴棤閿岀槫銆佺粨鍧楃瓑鐜拌薄锛屼絾鏁翠綋閿屽眰杈冭杽锛屽澹侀攲灞傚帤搴﹀湪5μm-10μm銆傜儹闀�閿屾柟绠$殑 鍜屽澹佸潎鏈夐攲灞傞檮鐫�锛屼細鏈夋按绾瑰拰灏戣閿岀槫锛屼絾鏁翠綋閿屽眰杈冨帤锛屾柟绠″唴澶栧閿屽眰鍘氬害鍦�70μm浠ヤ笂銆俀235B鏂圭鐨勬�ц川锛侀」鐩��銆�浠婂ぉ缁欏ぇ瀹朵粙缁� 涓嬫柟绠$殑涓昏搴旂敤鍦版柟锛屽熀鏈彲浠ュ垎鏂囦互涓嬪嚑鐐癸紝鍒楀嚭鏉ヤ緵澶у鍙傝�冨涔狅紒锛佹�庝箞鏍风櫧灞便��銆�濡備綍鍒ゆ柇鐭╁舰绠¢��鐏拰涓嶉��鐏� 涓嶉攬閽㈠伐涓氱剨绠$鏉愬彲浠ョ敤鍥炲0鏉ュ垽鏂�傛暡鍑绘瘡鏍圭锛屽惉绠″彛澶勭殑鍥炲0銆傚鏋滃洖澹拌緝楂樸�佽緝灏栭攼锛屽垯鏄凡缁忚繃閫�鐏簡銆傚洜涓洪��鐏欢鍐呴儴鏅朵綋 杈冨潎鍖�鑷村瘑锛屾晠鑳戒骇鐢熼煶璋冭緝楂樼殑鍥炲0銆傝�屾湭閫�鐏欢鐢变簬 缂洪櫡杈冨锛岃兘澶熷惛鏀堕儴鍒嗗0娉㈣兘閲忥紝鏁呭湪绠″彛澶勫0璋冭緝浣庯紝鍙戦椃 浜涖�傚鏋滄湁鏉′欢鍙互鐢ㄥ0绾虫潵鎺㈡祴銆傛杩庤璇€��銆�鍦ㄦ椂浠g殑娼祦涓紝鎴戜滑浼氳窡鐫�鏃朵唬鍙樺寲鑰屽彉鍖栵紝璁╁帤澹佹柟绠″彲浠ュ湪浣跨敤涓洿鍔犵殑骞挎硾锛屽湪鏃ュ父鐢熸椿涓垜浠細瀵瑰帤澹佹柟绠$殑浣跨敤鎯呭喌杩涜 锛屼互渚夸簬鍦ㄤ粖鍚庣殑濂戒腑鑳芥洿鍔犵殑杩愮敤鍘氬鏂圭锛屾帴涓嬫潵灏变负澶у浠嬬粛 涓嬬⒊绱犻挗鍜屽帤澹佹柟绠℃湁浠�涔堝尯鍒�備俊闃崇剨绠′骇鍝佺殑鍖哄垎閴村埆鏂规硶銆�銆� 瀹炲集鐨勭己鐐规槸鏈夋媺浼�/鍑忚杽鏁堝簲銆� 瀹炲集浼氫娇寮姌澶勪骇鐢熸媺浼革紝鎷変几鏁堝簲浣垮集鎶樼嚎绾靛悜鐨勯暱搴︾缉鐭�;瀹炲集寮姌澶勯噾灞炰細鍥犳媺浼歌�屽彉钖勩�傛楠岀粨鏋溿��銆�闅忕潃鏃朵唬鐨勮繘姝ワ紝瓒婃潵瓒婂鐨勯鍩熶娇鐢ㄥ帤澹佹柟绠★紝瀹冪殑浣跨敤鑼冨洿鏄庢樉鐨勫澶氾紝杩欎娇寰楁垜浠� 浜嗚澶氱鍘氬鏂圭锛岃繖鏃堕渶瑕佹垜浠悎鐞嗙殑瀛樻斁鍘氬鏂圭锛屽鎴峰湪瀛樻斁鍘氬鏂圭鏃朵篃瑕佸浼氬悎鐞嗗湴瀹夋帓锛屼笅闈㈡垜浠氨鏉ヤ簡瑙� 涓嬪帤澹佹柟绠¤濡備綍姝g‘瀛樻斁銆備互瀹负灏�</p><p>

淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉�


</p><p>淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉曘��銆�GB/T12770-2002(鏈烘缁撴瀯鐢ㄤ笉閿堥挗鍘氬鏂圭)銆備富瑕佺敤浜庢満姊般�佹苯杞︺�佽嚜琛岃溅銆佸鍏枫�佸棣嗗拰楗簵瑁呴グ鍙婂ソ鏈烘閮ㄤ欢涓庣粨鏋勪欢銆傚叾浠h〃鏉愯川0Cr 1Cr1 00Cr19Ni 1Cr18Ni 0Cr18Ni11Nb绛夈�傘��銆� 绌哄集鐨勭己鐐规槸鍦ㄤ笂杈�/渚ц竟鍚屾绌哄集鏃讹紝鐢变簬涓婅緤鍜屼笅杈婂悓鏃朵骇鐢熷帇鍔涳紝鎴愬瀷鍔涘鏄撹秴瓒婁复鐣岀偣锛岄�犳垚杈归儴澶辩ǔ鍐呭嚬锛屽苟涓斾篃浼氬奖鍝嶅埌鏈虹粍绋冲畾杩愯鍜屾垚鍨嬭川閲忋�傝繖涔熸槸鏂圭煩绠″拰鍦嗙绌哄集鎴愬瀷鏃朵笉鍚岀殑鐗圭偣銆傘��銆� 鏂圭鐨勬蹇碉細鏂圭鏄挗閿�侀挗鍧垨鏂圭 鍘嬪姏鍔犲伐鍒舵垚鎴戜滑鎵�闇�瑕佺殑鍚勭褰㈢姸銆佸昂瀵稿拰鎬ц兘鐨勬潗鏂欍�傘��銆�鍦ㄦ椂浠g殑娼祦涓紝鎴戜滑浼氳窡鐫�鏃朵唬鍙樺寲鑰屽彉鍖栵紝璁╁帤澹佹柟绠″彲浠ュ湪浣跨敤涓洿鍔犵殑骞挎硾锛屽湪鏃ュ父鐢熸椿涓垜浠細瀵瑰帤澹佹柟绠$殑浣跨敤鎯呭喌杩涜 锛屼互渚夸簬鍦ㄤ粖鍚庣殑濂戒腑鑳芥洿鍔犵殑杩愮敤鍘氬鏂圭锛屾帴涓嬫潵灏变负澶у浠嬬粛 涓嬬⒊绱犻挗鍜屽帤澹佹柟绠℃湁浠�涔堝尯鍒�傘��銆�鍘氬鏂圭鐨勫埛婕嗚缁忓巻鐫� 涓繃绋嬶紝闇�瑕佹垜浠繘琛岀患鍚堝尯鑰冭檻鍜屽垎鏋愶紝鐗瑰埆鏄补婕嗙殑璐ㄩ噺鍜屾按骞充互鍙婄浉鍏崇殑鎶�鏈按骞虫槸鍊煎緱鎴戜滑杩涜鍏虫敞鐨勶紝娉ㄦ剰鍘氬鏂圭鍒锋紗涔嬪悗涓嶈杩涜绔嬪嵆浣跨敤锛岃鏀剧疆 娈垫椂闂寸瓑鐫�娌规紗骞蹭簡涔嬪悗鍐嶈繘琛屼娇鐢�!淇¢槼鍏朵腑鐒婃帴鏂圭鍙堝垎涓猴細璐ㄩ噺妫�楠屾姤鍛娿��銆�鍦ㄩ挗涓惈閾噺澶т簬 5%浠ヤ笂锛屽叿鏈夎緝楂樼殑 澶栫晫浠嬭川(閰搞�佺⒈鐩�)鑵愯殌鐨勯挗锛岀О涓哄帤澹佹柟绠°�傛牴鎹挗鍐呯殑 鐘跺喌锛屽帤澹佹柟绠″彲鍒嗕负椹皬浣撳瀷銆侀搧绱犱綋鍨嬨�佸ゥ姘忎綋鍨嬨�侀搧绱犱綋—濂ユ皬浣撳瀷锛屾矇娣�纭寲鍨嬪帤澹佹柟绠★紝淇¢槼闀�閿屾柟绠★紝渚濇嵁 鏍囧噯GB3280—92瑙勫畾锛屽叡鏈�55涓瀹氥�傘��銆� 鎵垮帇娴佷綋杈撻�佺敤铻烘棆缂濆煁寮х剨鏂圭锛圫Y5036-8 鏄互鐑涧閽㈠甫鍗蜂綔绠″澂锛岀粡甯告俯铻烘棆鎴愬瀷锛岀敤鍙岄潰鍩嬪姬鐒婃硶鐒婃帴锛岀敤浜庢壙鍘嬫祦浣撹緭閫佺殑铻烘棆缂濇柟绠°�傛柟绠℃壙鍘嬭兘鍔涘己锛岀剨鎺ユ�ц兘濂斤紝淇¢槼闀�閿岄挗绠★紝缁忚繃鍚勭涓ユ牸鐨勭瀛︽楠屽拰娴嬭瘯锛屼娇鐢ㄥ畨鍏ㄥ彲闈犮�傛柟绠″彛寰勫ぇ锛岃緭閫佹晥鐜囬珮锛屽苟鍙妭绾﹂摵璁剧绾跨殑鎶曡祫銆備富瑕佺敤浜庤緭閫佺煶娌广�佸ぉ鐒舵皵鐨勭绾裤�傛杩庢潵鐢垫樊鍗楃偣鐒娿�佽ˉ鐒婁俊闃崇剨绠′骇鍝佺殑鍖哄垎閴村埆鏂规硶銆�銆�浣嗘槸锛屽湪婀挎硶纾烽吀濂借繃绋嬩腑锛屾墍閬囧埌鐨勭7閰稿鍚湁鍚勭鏉傝川锛屼緥濡侳-銆丆l- 銆丼O42-銆丗e3+銆丄l3+銆丮g2+绛夈�傚叾涓紝闄e3+澶栵紝鍧囧姞閫熷帤澹佹柟绠$殑鑵愯殌锛岀壒鍒槸F-銆丆l-鏇翠负寮虹儓銆� 涓轰簡鎻愰珮鍘氬鏂圭鍦ㄥ惈鍚勭鏉傝川鐨勭7閰镐腑鐨勮�愯殌鎬э紝鎻愰珮閽腑Cr銆丮o鍏冪礌鐨勫惈閲� 鏈夋晥涓擟r鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ洿涓烘槑鏄俱�傚浗鍐呯殑璇曢獙涔熻〃鏄庯紝Cr鐨勫奖鍝� 涓烘樉鐫�;鑰孧o鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ粎褰撻挗涓惈Cr閲忚緝浣�(渚嬪20%锝�21%)鏃舵墠鏈夋晥;褰揅r锛孧o閲忛珮鏃讹紝閽腑Ni鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ笉鏄剧潃銆傚湪鍚獸-銆丆l-绛夋潅璐ㄧ殑H O4涓紝闄ゅぇ閲忛�夌敤鍚玀o 2%锝�4%鐨�0Cr17Ni12Mo 00Cr17Ni14Mo 0Cr19Ni13Mo 00Cr19Ni13Mo3澶栵紝鍚獵r 閲�≥22%鐨勫惈Mo鍙岀浉鍘氬鏂圭锛屼緥濡�0Cr26Ni6Mo2Cu 00Cr22Ni6Mo2N锛�00Cr25Ni7Mo3N锛岄珮Mo鐨凜r-Ni濂ユ皬浣撳帤澹佹柟绠�00Cr20Ni25Mo 5Cu(N)涔熷潎鑾峰緱骞挎硾搴旂敤銆備笉鍚玁i 鎴栦粎鍚皯閲廚i 鐨勯珮閾搧绱犱綋鍘氬鏂圭锛屼緥濡�00Cr26Mo 00Cr30Mo 00Cr29Ni2Mo 00Cr29Ni4Mo2绛夛紝鐢变簬瀹冧滑鑰愬惈鏉傝川纾烽吀鐨勪紭寮傛�ц兘锛屼篃鏄叿鏈夊箍闃斿墠鏅殑鑰愯殌鏉愭枡銆�α+γ鍙岀浉鍘氬鏂圭涓嶄粎鏈川鑰愯殌鎬уソ涓斿己搴﹂珮锛屽洜鑰屽父甯镐綔涓鸿�愭懇铓�鏉愭枡搴旂敤浜庡惈鏉傝川H O4涓�屽彈鍒颁簡閲嶈銆傜爺绌朵笌瀹為檯搴旂敤鐨勭粨鏋滆〃鏄庯紝鍚獵r閲忛珮杈撅綖27%涓斿惈Mo鐨勯珮鍚堝ゥ姘忎綋鍘氬鏂圭00Cr27Ni31Mo3Cu鍜�00Cr26Ni35Mo3Cu鏄�愬惈F-銆丆l-绛夋潅璐ㄧ殑H O4 鑵愯殌鎬� 浣充笖缁煎悎鎬ц兘 濂界殑楂樼墝鍙峰帤澹佹柟绠★紝鍙敤浜� H O4 娴撶缉鐑氦鎹㈠櫒浠ヤ唬鏇挎槗鎹熷潖鐨勭煶澧ㄥ埗鐑氦鎹㈠櫒銆備笓涓氫负鐜嬩互寰堝ぇ閫熷害浣滅敤浜庢満浠朵笂鐨勮浇鑽风О涓哄啿鍑昏浇鑽凤紝閲戝睘鍦ㄥ啿鍑昏浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅鐨勮兘鍔涘彨鍋氬啿鍑婚煣鎬с�傚叏闈㈠搧璐ㄧ鐞�</p><p>

淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉�


</p><p>淇¢槼鐒婄浜у搧鐨勫尯鍒嗛壌鍒柟娉曘��銆�鍘氬鏂� 閫犳垚褰㈢殑瑕佺粡杩囨娴嬶紝浠ョ‘淇濇瘡 浠堕兘鑳借揪鍒板悎鏍硷紝鍚堟牸鍚庣殑鍘氬鏂圭浼氬瓨鏀� 鏉ワ紝鍦ㄩ暱鏃堕棿鐨勫瓨鏀句腑浼氬嚭鐜板悇绉嶉棶棰橈紝鍑虹幇闂闇�瑕佹垜浠強鏃剁殑澶勭悊锛岄偅涔堝帤澹佹柟绠″嚭鐜扮敓閿堣厫铓�鐨勫師鍥犳湁鍝簺?鎺ヤ笅鏉ュ氨涓哄ぇ瀹朵粙缁� 涓嬨�傝澶囩淮淇��銆�鍜� 杈婂嵎鏉挎満鍘熺悊绫讳技銆傚嵎鏉挎満鏄� 鍙互纭畾 涓渾銆傝皟鏁撮珮搴﹀彲璋冩暣鏇茬巼銆備骇鍝佺嚎濂芥爣鍑嗗垎绫汇��銆�淇�侀�犺埞涓氾紝鎶涗父銆佸柗鐮傛槸鏅亶浣跨敤鐨勩�備絾鏄棤璁烘槸鎶涗父杩樻槸鍠风爞锛岄兘鏄娇鐢ㄥ帇缂╃┖姘旂殑褰㈠紡銆傚綋鐒跺苟涓嶆槸鎶涗父灏遍潪鐢ㄩ珮閫熸棆杞殑鍙惰疆涓嶅彲銆傚湪淇�侀�犺埞涓� 鑸潵璇达紝鎶涗父(灏忛挗涓�)澶氱敤鍦ㄥ帤澹佹柟绠¢澶勭悊(娑傝鍓嶉櫎閿�);鍠风爞(淇�侀�犺埞涓氱敤鐨勬槸鐭跨爞)澶氱敤鍦ㄦ垚鍨嬬殑鑸硅埗鎴栬�呭垎娈碉紝浣滅敤鏄妸鍘氬鏂圭涓婄殑鏃ф补婕嗗拰閿堥櫎鎺夛紝閲嶆柊娑傝銆傚湪淇�侀�犺埞涓氾紝鎶涗父銆佸柗鐮傜殑涓昏浣滅敤鏄鍔犲帤澹佹柟绠℃秱瑁呮补婕嗙殑闄勭潃鍔涖�傘��銆�浼搁暱鐜� δ5/(%)锛�≥12涓棿鍟嗐��銆�鍘氬鏂圭鏄鏂瑰舰浣撶殑绠″瀷锛屾槸甯﹂挗缁忚繃宸ヨ壓澶勭悊鍗峰埗鑰屾垚銆傚緢澶氱鏉愯川鐨勭墿璐ㄩ兘鍙互褰㈡垚鏂圭浣擄紝瀹冧粙璐ㄤ簬锛屽共浠�涔堢敤锛岀敤鍦ㄤ粈涔堝湴鏂癸紝澶у鏁版柟绠′互閽㈢涓哄鏁帮紝淇¢槼鐩寸紳鐒婄锛屽涓虹粨鏋勬柟绠★紝瑁呴グ鏂圭锛屽缓绛戞柟绠$瓑. 鑸槸鎶婂甫閽㈢粡杩囨媶鍖咃紝骞虫暣锛屽嵎鏇诧紝鐒婃帴褰㈡垚鍦嗙锛屽啀鐢卞渾绠¤涧鍒舵垚鏂瑰舰绠$劧鍚庡壀鍒囨垚闇�瑕侀暱搴︺�� 鑸槸50鏍规瘡鍖呫�傛祦浣撹緭閫佺敤涓嶉攬閽㈢剨鎺ユ柟绠★紝鏍囧噯鍙稧B/T12771-1991銆備唬琛ㄦ潗鏂欎负0Cr019Ni00Cr19Ni00Cr19Ni00Cr1Cr18Ni11Nb銆�0017Cr17Ni14Mo2绛夛紝涓昏鐢ㄤ簬杈撻�佷綆鍘嬭厫铓�浠嬭川銆�</p>